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What is WordPress?

WordPress is a Content Management System (CMS). You can find many different CMS options. However, most people choose WordPress. It has a large community of designers, developers, and users. WordPress powers 40% of websites because of its power, flexibility, and ease of use, among other reasons.

Why Does WordPress Matter?

Technology is more important than ever. In the last few years, there has been a rise in internet users around the world. Even though the internet has been popular and widespread for about 30 years, many people do not know how a website works. If you do not know how to utilize the technology you will be at an economical disadvantage. With a well-made website, you can spread awareness of any issue. The ability to reach a large audience is crucial for any group that wants to affect change.

You can use WordPress to create websites quickly, securely, cheaply, and efficiently. It also allows large groups to work with each other. Teams can easily create vast websites and maintain them for many years. New members can join a website and contribute with little to no training, even with a high turnover of authors. User roles restrict a user’s capabilities. For example, a new user is a “subscriber” with only a few abilities like updating their profile, viewing posts, and making comments. There are additional roles that are allowed to create posts and pages and to provide administration.

Premium Products

Perhaps an extensive demand exists for WordPress because the popular CMS is free to download and install. However, there are many free themes and plugins available as well. Themes and plugins provide layouts, styles, and additional functionality to a website. In short, there are themes for restaurants, online stores, coffee shops, and more. The demand for different designs and features means that developers can sell premium products and services. You will often find a free theme or plugin with additional paid options and settings. This culture allows you to pick and choose what products you will purchase.

How can you take action?

There are many ways to get started with WordPress. Also, there are many host providers from which to choose. You can easily download and install the CMS on your local host in a short time. With a local install, you can start developing immediately.

WordPress Themes

Perhaps one of the reasons that it is so prevalent is because of the many thousands of themes available. Many themes are available for download for free. However, you can also purchase premium themes for WordPress. Themes are an integral part of the popular CMS, and if you want to develop using them, you should learn how they work.

WordPress Theme Files

A WordPress theme is a directory of files. A developer compresses the directory into a zip file before being installed. There are only two files required to make a theme.

  • index.php
  • style.css

Most themes will include more files like CSS, javascript, and PHP template parts. Classic themes include templates for things like pages, posts, and archives. These files alter the look and layout of a WordPress installation. For example, if you wanted to create a sidebar on the home page, you could do so by adding a home.php file. All in all, the design you make using the template parts shown in the template hierarchy can include CSS, javascript, images, and more.

WordPress Theme Template Heirarchy
WordPress Theme Template Hierarchy

The HTML generated by the template files will determine how the header and footer look throughout your site.

WordPress requires a theme to work and will have a default one on a fresh install. Currently, the name of the default theme is Twenty Twenty-Two.

Child Themes

You can also use themes to create child themes. A child theme inherits from the parent, and they share layouts and styles. You can add files to your child theme that will override the templates of the parent.

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